A Novel Mechanism in Recessive Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus: Wild-Type Aquaporin-2 Rescues the Apical Membrane Expression of Intracellularly Retained AQP2-P262L
|Title:||A Novel Mechanism in Recessive Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus: Wild-Type Aquaporin-2 Rescues the Apical Membrane Expression of Intracellularly Retained AQP2-P262L|
|Authors:||de Mattia, Fabrizio; Savelkoul, Paul J.M.; Bichet, Daniel G.; Kamsteeg, Erik-Jan; Konings, Irene B. M.; Marr, Nannette; Arthus, Marie-Francoise; Lonergan, Michele; van Os, Carel; van der Sluijs, Peter; Robertson, Gary; Deen, Peter M.T.|
|Publisher:||Human Molecular Genetics|
|Date Published:||October 27, 2004|
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This translation by the NDI Foundation is to assist the lay reader. To provide a clear, accessible interpretation of the original article, we eliminated or simplified some technical detail and complicated scientific language. We concentrated our translation on those aspects of the article dealing directly with NDI. The NDI Foundation thanks the researchers for their work toward understanding and more effectively treating this disorder.
© Copyright NDI Foundation 2007 (JC)
Mutant AQP2 in dominant NDI are properly shaped, are not retained in the ER, and can interact with normally shaped AQP2. But once they do bind with normally shaped AQP2, their mutation causes the mutant/normal AQP2 combination to be misdirected from the cell’s apical membrane – the location of the cell where they must be to perform their function.
de Mattia, et al., examined two NDI families that both carried two different AQP2 gene mutations that resulted in recessive NDI. The interesting thing was while two of the resultant AQP2 mutants – AQP2-A190T and AQP2-R187C – had characteristics that placed them in the classical recessive NDI category, the remaining mutant - AQP2-P262L – fell into the dominant NDI category, yet did not cause NDI in a dominant manner.
The research team conducted a series of laboratory experiments to uncover the cellular dynamics underlying this seeming anomaly. They discovered when AQP2-P262L, recombined with normal AQP2, the mutant’s ability to misdirect the normal AQP2 after it combined with it was overridden by the normal AQP2 targeting capacity. The researchers discovered this by first expressing AQP2-P262L by itself into a laboratory cell culture. Under these conditions most of the AQP2-P262L ended up in unknown intracellular vesicles instead of the cell apical membrane where a normal AQP2 would have ended up. When co-expressed into the laboratory cell culture with normal AQP2, both primarily reached the apical membrane. Further experimental data indicated that the mutant AQP2 recombined with the normal AQP2. Thus, the nature of this mutation is unable to override the targeting ability of the normal AQP2 it combines with. AQP2-P262L is a unique and alternative cell-biological explanation for the occurrence of recessive NDI.