Isolation of Human aquaporin-CD Gene
|Title:||Isolation of Human aquaporin-CD Gene|
|Authors:||Uchida, Shinichi; Sasaki, Sei; Fushimi, MD, Kiyohide; Marumo, MD, Fumiaki|
|Publisher:||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Date Published:||September 23, 1994|
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This translation by the NDI Foundation is to assist the lay reader. To provide a clear, accessible interpretation of the original article, we eliminated or simplified some technical detail and complicated scientific language. We concentrated our translation on those aspects of the article dealing directly with NDI. The NDI Foundation thanks the researchers for their work toward understanding and more effectively treating this disorder.
© Copyright NDI Foundation 2007 (JC)
Uchida, et al., were able to isolate the AQP-CD gene and determine its structure. This gene contains four coding sequences (exons) and three non-coding sequences (introns) distributed over 5000 nucleotides. (Genes are comprised of unique sequences of four nucleotide bases - adenine, thymine, guanine, cytosine - linked together by sugar and phosphate side chains.) The exon-intron boundaries are located in the same three points within the coding sequence as two other related genes: the aquaporin CHIP (AQP1) gene and the major intrinsic protein gene (AQP0).
To understand how the AQP-CD gene expresses itself, the authors examined the promoter region of the gene: that segment which controls the expression of the gene. They identified the positions in the gene where the process of gene transcription begins. That is, the process that begins the synthesis of the AQP-CD protein.
Rat AQP-CD increases when rats are dehydrated. At present, it is not clear whether this increase is the result of an increase in the rate of AQP-CD gene transcription or a decrease in the rate of degradation of AQP-CD mRNA. Their analysis, and further research based on it, will provide a greater understanding of how a AQP-CD gene expresses itself and how it is regulated through dehydration. It will also be of help in search of possible genetic disorders in human AQP-CD gene.