Mutations in the Vasopressin V2 Receptor Gene in Two Families with Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus
|Title:||Mutations in the Vasopressin V2 Receptor Gene in Two Families with Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus|
|Authors:||Holtzman, M.D., Eliezer J.; Kolakowski, PhD, Lee F.; Geifman-Holtzman, Ossie; O'Brien, David; Rasoulpour, MD, Majid; Guillot, Ann P.; Ausiello, M.D., Dennis A.|
|Publisher:||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|Date Published:||August 01, 1994|
This translation by the NDI Foundation is to assist the lay reader. To provide a clear, accessible interpretation of the original article, we eliminated or simplified some technical detail and complicated scientific language. We concentrated our translation on those aspects of the article dealing directly with NDI. The NDI Foundation thanks the researchers for their work toward understanding and more effectively treating this disorder.
© Copyright NDI Foundation 2007 (JC)
Mutations in the V2R gene produce V2Rs with altered structures incapable of performing their assigned functions. For example, the first V2R gene mutation analyzed by the authors caused a premature termination of the V2R, allowing it to only develop 231 amino acids instead of the normal 371. This resulted in the V2Rs that were synthesized from this mutated gene to only develop five transmembrane helices instead of the usual seven and left them lacking their entire carboxy termini. The site of the mutation corresponds to the beginning of intracellular loop 3. The authors did not analyze how these structural alterations translated to functional defects, but that the alterations were responsible for defects was clear because the patient had nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (NDI), the molecular basis of which is most commonly mutations in the V2R gene.
The second V2R gene the authors analyzed came from a family lineage where two male cousins had congenital NDI. This mutation results in the shortest V2R so far described in the literature - only 18 amino acids long.
This mutation was formed by the insertion of a specific DNA sequence into the beginning of the gene's second coding region. (Gene's have regions, called exons, that contain the gene's genetic code, and regions, called introns, that do not contain any genetic code.) The authors feel that this type of insertion may be a general mutation mechanism for the deletion or insertion of repeated genetic sequences within the totality of the genetic material of a cell.