Novel Mutations in Aquaporin-2 Gene in Female Siblings with Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus: Evidence of Disrupted Water Channel Function

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Title: Novel Mutations in Aquaporin-2 Gene in Female Siblings with Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus: Evidence of Disrupted Water Channel Function
Authors: Goji, Katsumi; Kuwahara, Michio; Gu, Yong; Matsuo, Masafumi; Marumo, MD, Fumiaki; Sasaki, Sei
Publisher: Journal of Clinical Endrocrinology and Metabolism
Date Published: September 01, 1998
Reference Number: 342
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Novel mutations of the aquaporin-2 (AQP2) gene have been detected in Japanese female siblings with autosomal-recessive nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. The patients were compound heterozygote for point mutations at nucleotide position 374 (C374T) and at position 523 (G523A) in exon 2 of the AQP2 gene, resulting in substitution of methionine for threonine at codon 125 (T125M) and arginine for glycine at codon 175 (G175R). The water permeability (Pf) of oocytes injected with wild-type complementary RNA increased 9.0-fold compared with the Pf of water-injected oocytes, whereas the increases in the Pf of oocytes injected with T125M and G175R complementary RNA were only 1.7-fold and 1.5-fold, respectively. Immunoblot and immunocytochemistry indicated that the plasma membrane expressions of T125M and G175R AQP2 proteins were comparable to that of the wild-type, suggesting that although neither the T125M nor G175R mutation had a significant effect on plasma membrane expression, they both distorted the structure and function of the aqueous pore of AQP2. These results provide evidence that the nephrogenic diabetes insipidus in patients with T125M and G175R mutations is attributable not to the misrouting of AQP2, but to the disrupted water channel function.
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