General Nutrition Guidelines

Many people with NDI follow a 300-500 mg sodium per day diet. (Compare this to the 2000 mg sodium per day guideline that is recommended for most Americans.)

A diet pattern with 500 mg sodium per day should include foods from all food groups. Select foods low in
sodium by following some general guidelines and the Food Guide Pyramid:


FATS AND SWEETS:
• Use unsalted butter or margerine.
• Eat sweets not made with salt.
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MEAT:
• Do not use processed meat.
• Do not add salt during preparation.
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MILK AND DAIRY:
• Limit milk intake.
• Use unsalted cheese.
VEGETABLES:
• Use fresh vegetables.
• Check the label of frozen and canned vegetables.
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• Eat plenty of fresh, frozen, or canned fruits.
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BREADS & CEREALS:
• Use unsalted products.
• Use low sodium baking powder.


  • Softened water (water treated in a softener) can contain large amounts of sodium. Don't use softened water for ice cubes or for food preparation.
  • Kosher meats and poultry are soaked in salt water. Look for low sodium Kosher products.

A QUICK "RULE OF THUMB"... Use the values below to make a quick estimate of sodium intake. (These are values for foods that are prepared without salt and/or are reduced or low sodium products.)

Milk/Dairy Products 80 mg sodium per cup
Breads and Cereals 80 mg sodium per 1/2 cup
Meat (plain) 25 mg sodium per ounce
Vegetables 15 mg sodium per 1/2 cup
Fruits trace amounts of sodium